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Saturday, February 18, 2017
How Smart Is Today's Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is creeping into our everyday lives through technology like check-scanning machines and GPS navigation. How far away are we from making intelligent machines that actually have minds of their own? Hari Sreenivasan reports on the ethical considerations of artificial intelligence as part of our Breakthroughs series.
Stephen Hawking - Artificial Intelligence Will Be The Best or Worst Thing To Happen To Humanity
In this video Stephen Hawking offers his insights on the Potential impact of Artificial Intelligence on humanity.
Transcript of Professor Hawking’s speech at the launch of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence, October 19, 2016
“It is a great pleasure to be here today to open this new Centre. We spend a great deal of time studying history, which, let’s face it, is mostly the history of stupidity. So it is a welcome change that people are studying instead the future of intelligence.
Intelligence is central to what it means to be human. Everything that our civilisation has achieved, is a product of human intelligence, from learning to master fire, to learning to grow food, to understanding the cosmos.
I believe there is no deep difference between what can be achieved by a biological brain and what can be achieved by a computer. It therefore follows that computers can, in theory, emulate human intelligence — and exceed it.
Artificial intelligence research is now progressing rapidly. Recent landmarks such as self-driving cars, or a computer winning at the game of Go, are signs of what is to come. Enormous levels of investment are pouring into this technology. The achievements we have seen so far will surely pale against what the coming decades will bring.
The potential benefits of creating intelligence are huge. We cannot predict what we might achieve, when our own minds are amplified by AI. Perhaps with the tools of this new technological revolution, we will be able to undo some of the damage done to the natural world by the last one — industrialisation. And surely we will aim to finally eradicate disease and poverty. Every aspect of our lives will be transformed. In short, success in creating AI, could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization.
But it could also be the last, unless we learn how to avoid the risks. Alongside the benefits, AI will also bring dangers, like powerful autonomous weapons, or new ways for the few to oppress the many. It will bring great disruption to our economy. And in the future, AI could develop a will of its own — a will that is in conflict with ours.
In short, the rise of powerful AI will be either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity. We do not yet know which. That is why in 2014, I and a few others called for more research to be done in this area. I am very glad that someone was listening to me!
The research done by this centre is crucial to the future of our civilization and of our species. I wish you the best of luck!”
Watson, IBM’s cognitive computing technology, has been at the forefront of artificial intelligence. Watson has been expanding its presence across multiple industries. Watson’s advanced cognitive computing is extending human expertise in the fields of cancer treatment, analysis in personal health, financial planning, retail, law and many others. In the healthcare sector, Watson has partnered with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Care Center to help doctors make better cancer treatment choices. Most recently, in the retail space, Watson has teamed up with Macy’s to create a mobile tool that enables shoppers to ask questions while shopping in-store. In this program, Arvind Krishna, who leads the research behind Watson’s cognitive capabilities, examines the future of artificial intelligence and Watson’s implications on industries, professions and society.
Once the realm of science fiction, smart machines are rapidly becoming part of our world—and these technologies offer amazing potential to improve the way we live. Imagine intelligent, autonomous vehicles that reduce crashes and alleviate congestion in crowded cities. Imagine robots that can help your aged grandma move around safely or instructors that can assist special-needs children in classrooms. Gil Pratt, former head of the Robotics Challenge at DARPA, now heads up the $1 billion Silicon Valley-based, Toyota Research Institute where he and his team are pushing the boundaries of human knowledge in autonomous vehicles and robotics. This session will explore the breakthrough technologies on the horizon and the unprecedented issues we will face in this brave new world.