Wednesday, April 06, 2016

Software Defined Networking Explained

Tyler Smith of Telarus dives deep into Software Defined Networking below to help you better understand why it is becoming all the rave as of late and how to leverage it.

Traditional WAN Challenge

People lean towards an MPLS network because it provides interconnectivity with Quality of Service and Security. The other consideration is the cost. It is probably the most expensive bandwidth you can buy. For instance, a T-1 MPLS might average around $300 for a single meg and a half.

Internet with VPN Challenge

Some folks have turned to Internet as a solution with VPN over the top of that. This solution does solve some of the bandwidth constraint problems, as you can bring in more internet access and have additional bandwidth and layer on VPN to securely get traffic from one location to another. The challenges are the inability to protect certain types of traffic over anything else when it is Internet based. Firewall, router, VPN configuration, branch heavy equipment, and configuration are also required. Still, the benefit is a low-cost high-bandwidth, albeit you can’t prioritize traffic over the top of it.

SDN created Hybrid WAN

The industry is shifting towards software defined networking. It is also known by several other buzz words like just SDN or Hybrid WAN. SDN gives you the look and feel of what an MPLS solution brings to the table, with the ability to prioritize certain traffic over another. It’s configuration adjustment is more simplified than a traditional router switch. You can also bring significantly more bandwidth for about the same money you would spend on a traditional network. Here are the main benefits at a glance:

* Enterprise-grade Performance
* Rapid Branch Deployment
* Cost-Effective Delivery Model

Software Defined WAN from Branch

At a high-level, the image below shows what an SDN WAN looks like. Instead of bringing in an MPLS network into a branch location, you can bring in two diverse internet connections. One is delivered on a cable modem with 50 megs of bandwidth, and the secondary a 4G router. In an SDN environment, a router is placed on the edge to provide a couple of features:

* Brings together the two connections
* Load balancing
* Proactive analysis of what is happening on that network
* Creates the ability to do a VPN for office Internet connectivity to connect branches to headquarters
* Because it is internet based, traffic that is destined for the internet can hop off right there

By application and by destination, this software can make intelligent routing decisions. Thus, if you have traffic destined for Office 365, it will decide if the cable or the 4G path is best, based on who has the best peering and who is the closest. Voice and video can be prioritized whether is outgoing or incoming. You can create a quality of service policy on both sides giving you end to end performance control that you would expect. So yes, you can get the performance of an MPLS solution with an SDN WAN solution even though it’s over an internet connection. Internet service is readily available and very cost effective as opposed to MPLS environments.

SDN WAN Image

SDN Unified Communication Features

With voice or IP communications, the ability to prioritize traffic is important. An SDN router keeps calls up and functioning in the event of any congestion, even Internet-based congestion. The router will duplicate the voice traffic and keep a secondary stream ready to go, so if it degrades while flowing on the primary connection, it will instantaneously flow over to the secondary connection and keep the call alive.

* Application Recognition and Quality of Service Policy
* Dynamic Application Steering
* On Demand Link Conditioning

Voice and Video Error Correction On DEMAND

The image below reflects data collected with some intentional testing. In this example environment, we see two internet sources with high latency detected on one of the links. Seeing this, the application reroutes the traffic across the secondary link, and it doesn't skip a beat. As things change over time, the traffic comes back and becomes more normal, and switches back and forth across the two solutions. That’s a peek into the magic.

Voice And Video Error Correction Image

SDN Cloud Driven Policy Easy Deployment

One of the other challenges in the industry with firewalled and traditional environments is the difficulty in creating the configuration in the equipment. If you have ever unboxed a Cisco firewall and wanted to create a VPN tunnel, it is a very complex setup which might require outside resources and other heavy lifting. In an SDN, it’s more of a cloud driven application where these devices put out on the edge are configured in a portal with a simple configuration that is easy to manage and adjust real time performance.

Simple Monitoring and Troubleshooting from the Cloud

Because these solutions are driven from cloud interface, the administration of devices can be done anywhere and are simple enough that anyone can take a look and see how the network is performing.

Q&A

Q: What happens if you have Internet connection on both links?
A: Performance would suffer and I would recommend to look at two different diverse mediums where the chances of both having issues would be slim to none. Examples would be fiber Internet backed up with coax, a coax backed up with a DSL, or a DSL backed up with a 4G.

Q: Is there room for innovation with this technology?
A: An SDN solution gives great flexibility in your organization to bump up Salesforce in priority over youtube during the end of the month and adjust it back during the beginning of the month. Its portal driven and simple to administer.

Q: What are some of the providers that availabe through FreedomFire Communications?
A: Freewire brings this in as an overlay to any service we offer. They use a back end solution from VeloCloud and I would encourage you to visit their website to see how they explain how it works. Vonage now also has VeloCloud instances as well. There are other negotiations being finalized currently to offer more providers. Cisco and their iWan product do this type of concept.

Q: Are any of the mentioned suppliers offering demos?
A: They will be soon providing demos. More to come.

Q: Do we know what a user cutoff point would be?
A: The VeloCloud solution from Freewire scales up to a gig of throughput. The edges adjust as more bandwidth is added.

Q: How does OpenFlow differ from SDN?
A: OpenFlow is the same technology that enables SDN at the core.

Q: From a hardware standpoint, is there much latency that’s introduced by the SD WAN controller?
A: The performance is tied to the bandwidth. If you’re getting a tier-1 providers internet, you will have less latency than a tier-4.

Q: Is it accurate to say that SDN is a poor-man’s MPLS? Or do the other benefits really make it another flavor altogether?
A: It can be considered an MPLS replacement.

Q: Does the VeloCloud solution support the generation of netflow records?
A: Netflow is a way that Cisco routers and switches use to take a look at traffic flow. This information has to be interpreted by something like our VX solution. An SDN router inherently has the software to show you how traffic is being marked as a high-low priority without the information interpretation processing.

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